Question: What Are The Most Important Factors In Early Childhood Development?

What are the four major developmental areas of child development?

Children grow and develop rapidly in their first five years across the four main areas of development.

These areas are motor (physical), language and communication, cognitive and social/emotional..

What is physical development in early childhood?

Physical development includes both growth and the ability to use muscles and body parts for particular skills. Both gross (large muscle movements) and fine (small movements) motor skills contribute to physical development, and children often learn a set of skills by a certain age.

What are the stages of early childhood development?

Five Stages of Child DevelopmentNewborn. During the first month of life, newborns exhibit automatic responses to external stimuli. … Infant. Infants develop new abilities quickly in the first year of life. … Toddler. … Preschool. … School age.

What is most important in early childhood development?

Early child development sets the foundation for lifelong learning, behavior, and health. The experiences children have in early childhood shape the brain and the child’s capacity to learn, to get along with others, and to respond to daily stresses and challenges.

What are the five factors that influence growth and development?

Here are a few factors affecting children’s growth and development.Heredity. Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. … Environment. … Sex. … Exercise and Health. … Hormones. … Nutrition. … Familial Influence. … Geographical Influences.More items…•

What are 5 characteristics of development?

Children develop skills in five main areas of development:Cognitive Development. This is the child’s ability to learn and solve problems.Social and Emotional Development.Speech and Language Development.Fine Motor Skill Development.Gross Motor Skill Development.

What are the environmental factors that affect growth and development?

Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …

How does environment affect a child’s growth and development?

A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. … For example, children who grow up poor are more likely than other children to drop out of high school. Poverty, then, is a risk factor for high school dropout.

What are the factors that influence child development?

To help professionals assess the factors affecting a child’s development, they have been grouped into four areas:Environmental factors.Biological factors.Interpersonal relationships.Early environments and experiences (Shanker, 2008; Blair & Diamond, 2008)

What are the 5 main areas of child development?

Children develop skills in five main areas of development:Cognitive Development. This is the child’s ability to learn and solve problems. … Social and Emotional Development. … Speech and Language Development. … Fine Motor Skill Development. … Gross Motor Skill Development.

What are the five environmental factors?

They include:Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food.Natural and technological disasters.Climate change.Occupational hazards.The built environment.